A root tip resection targets to clean a tooth surrounded by inflamed or infected tissue around its root. Normally, dentists turn to the procedure as a last resort to salvage a tooth. In the case where a root canal treatment fails to resolve the symptoms of a tooth infection emanating from the tissue around the tooth root, some dentists perform the root tip resection. Even before resorting to a root tip resection, the root canal treatment may be repeated to ensure it’s the only viable solution.
What exactly does a root tip resection entail?
A root tip resection can also be referred to as apicoectomy. It is a surgical intervention that attempts to treat inflammation on the tissue surrounding the jawbone and the tooth root. Unlike a tooth canal treatment that approaches the tooth from the inside via a crack on the enamel, apicoectomy entails on cutting through the gum into the alveolar bone.
The dentist will administer anesthesia before the surgical procedure and mobilize the gum flap just above the tooth root’s standing position. With an aim to access the tooth root, the dentist will open up a little window to expose the jawbone. He or she will then remove the inflamed or infected tissue around the tooth root alongside any cysts that may be present. At the tip of the tooth root, about 3 millimeters of it will be severed. The root filling available in the tooth will be examined for any possible defects before closing the flap.
If the root filling shows any defects, the dentist will apply a new one and the gum flap folded back. During recovery, the alveolar bone will start creating a new growth point for the regeneration of a new bone tissue that should close up the cavity in a few weeks.
Cases that call for a root tip resection
As earlier mentioned, a root tip resection procedure only handles the gravest of situations. A dentist will only proceed when:
- There is a genuine cyst beneath the root tip.
- Failed root canal procedure following a complex anatomy of the affected tooth. Some root canals are too narrow to allow access to the entire system.
- Recurring infections despite root canal treatments.
Only a dentist will diagnose your infection and decide if you are the right candidate for a root tip canal resection. It is often the last option when all other alternatives fail following the sensitivity in the procedure. Check in at our Dentist in Chandler AZ to have your tooth infection diagnosed.