If you are told you need a deep cleaning, you may wonder why you need the treatment. Deep cleanings are usually recommended for a patient who is showing signs of periodontal disease. If left untreated, periodontal disease can cause a wide range of health problems including tooth loss. If you were told you need a deep cleaning, here is some information to help you better understand the process. If you are considering a deep dental teeth cleaning in the Chandler or Gilbert AZ area learn more about deep cleanings first and call our office for a consultation
What is a Deep Cleaning?
When you have a routine dental cleaning, a dental hygienist will remove plaque and tartar from your teeth and gums. A deep cleaning will involve the same removal of plaque and tartar, but the treatment also cleans the surface of the roots, which is known as root planing.
Who Needs a Deep Cleaning?
If a patient begins to develop periodontal disease, pockets will form around the teeth, which will lead to tissue and bone deterioration if left untreated. The American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) recommends that every adult get a periodontal assessment yearly to determine if additional treatment is needed. A dentist will use a periodontal probe to determine the depth of the pockets. When a patient has pockets that are one to three millimeters in depth, additional treatment may not be needed. However, if pockets develop that are deeper than five millimeters, then a deep cleaning may be necessary.
When you have root planing treatment, the plaque and tartar will be removed from the roots and will smooth the rough areas in the roots where bacteria accumulates. As a result, the removal of bacteria will enable the gums to reattach to a smooth surface. With many patients, root planing treatment will take one to two hours and may require several visits. To ease any discomfort, a numbing gel or local anesthetic will be administered before the procedure.
When a patient has root planing, a dental professional may use traditional instruments, such as an ultrasonic cleaner or scaler, or a laser may also be used to remove plaque and tartar. According to the AAP, a deep cleaning may also require that antimicrobials be administered below the gums to kill bacteria.
What to Expect After a Deep Cleaning
After a deep cleaning, a patient may experience tooth sensitivity, soreness, or slight bleeding for a few days after the treatment. To prevent from having a deep cleaning again, a patient should practice good oral habits, which includes flossing once a day and brushing at least twice a day.